mtDNA – Results (mtDNA – Mutations) shows your actual mtDNA results and mutations and displays the following information about your mtDNA:

  • Haplogroup – This is your mtDNA haplogroup. Haplogroups are our place on the maternal tree tracing all people alive today back to a common maternal ancestor in Africa. Knowing your haplogroup allows us to identify your direct maternal origin.
    If you have mtDNA full sequence results, it is determined using them. Otherwise, it is determined with a Backbone Haplogroup test.
  • Your Origin – This gives an overview of the history and the geography of your haplogroup. The distributions of mtDNA haplogroups and their branches follow historic population movements. Therefore, the locations and distribution of haplogroups today can help us understand the history of our ancestor. Some haplogroups are specific to Africa, Europe, Asia, the islands of the Pacific, the Americas, and even particular ethnic groups. Of course, haplogroups from one region are sometimes found in another due to unique population movements.
  • Your Results – This shows your test results compared to the Reconstructed Sapiens Reference Sequence (RSRS).
    • Extra Mutations and Missing Mutations (mtDNA Full Sequence Only) – This shows your differences from the modal values of your haplogroup. Extra Mutations are those that you have but are not part of the modal haplotype for your assigned haplogroup. Missing mutations are those mutations that are expected for your assigned haplogroup but that you do not have. Some mutations in each area may be common faster mutating ones such as the 309.1C insertion. Others may be either significant mutations that have not yet been defined on the tree or personal mutations specific to you or your recent genealogical lineage.
    • RSRS Values – This section shows your differences from the Reconstructed Sapiens Reference Sequence (RSRS). The RSRS is based on the deepest common maternal ancestor to all people alive today as well as several ancient humanoids. A comparison of your sequence to this reference reveals clearly the path between you and our shared maternal ancestor.
    • FASTA File – The FASTA button allows you to download your results in the FASTA file format. This is a format commonly used by population geneticists.
  • Additional Tabs – These tabs show more advanced options for understanding your mtDNA Results.
    • rCRS Values – This section shows your differences from the historic revised Cambridge Reference Sequence (rCRS). The rCRS is based on the first complete mtDNA sequence completed. The information in this section is for historic reference only.
    • mtDNA Community – This section allows you to donate your results for scientific research. Please read the Your Scientific Collaboration: mtDNA Community page carefully before participating.

mtDNA – Results Page Questions

There are three levels of testing for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). To determine your current testing level you can check your mtDNA – Results page in your myFTDNA account.

  1. Sign in to your myFTDNA account.
  2. Go to the mtDNA – Results page.
  3. At the top of the page look for a table or tables showing differences from the Reconstructed Sapiens Reference Sequence (RSRS).
    Haplogroup – H
    HVR1 differences from RSRS
    A16129G T16187C C16189T T16223C
    G16230A T16278C C16311T
    HVR2 differences from RSRS
     G73A C146T C152T C195T
    A247G 309.1C 315.1C
    Coding Region differences from RSRS
    A769G A825t A1018G G2706A
    A2758G C2885T T3594C G4104A
    T4312C T7028C G7146A T7256C
    A7521G T8468C T8655C G8701A
    C9540T G10398A T10664C A10688G
    C10810T C10873T C10915T A11719G
    A11914G T12705C G13105A G13276A
    T13506C T13650C T14766C
  4. Your results indicate the mtDNA tests that have results back.
    • If you have only tested HVR1 then you will only have one table for HVR1 differences from RSRS.
    • If you have tested HVR1 and HVR2 then you will have one table each for HVR1 differences from RSRS and HVR2 differences from RSRS.
    • If you have tested the Mitochondrial DNA Full Genomic Sequence then you will have three tables; one for HVR1 differences from RSRS, one for HVR2 differences from RSRS, and one for coding region differences from RSRS.
  5. If you think that you have ordered additional mtDNA tests then check the My Account – Pending Results page (this page only appears when there is a test still in process at the lab). It will list any tests that have pending results.

If you have mtDNA full sequence results, you may download a FASTA formatted file of your mtDNA results on the mtDNA – Results page. To do so:

  1. Sign in to your myFTDNA account.
  2. Select Results from the mtDNA menu on the menu bar.
  3. In the Your Results section, click on the Fasta button.