mtDNA – Matches lists your mtDNA matches (if you have them) at each level you have tested. Only people who have opted in to matching are shown.

The following information about your mtDNA matches is displayed:

  • Name – This is your match’s name.* This field also includes:
    • A link to their personal profile. Click on their name to view their profile.
    • A link to their email address.
    • GEDCOM/Family Tree (if they have one).
    • A link to add a note or
      a link to view/edit a note.
    • Testing levels for their Family Finder and mtDNA.** Note that this indicates they have tested and not that they match you. You may check for them as a match on the respective matches page or on the Advanced Matches page.
  • Earliest Known Ancestor – This is your match’s earliest known ancestor on their direct maternal line.
  • mtDNA Haplogroup – This is your match’s mtDNA haplogroup according to their testing.
  • Match Date – This is when we matched you and your maternal genetic cousin in the Family Tree DNA database. If you and your match received results of different dates, it is the earlier of the two result dates.

You can sort each column by clicking on the column name, and you can filter and search for matches using the following fields:

  • Show Matches for – If you belong to a project, this field allows you to select whether you want to display matches for the entire database or matches for a selected project.
  • Region –  Allows you to select for which region you want to display matches.
  • Matches Per Page – Select the number of matches that you want to display per page.
  • Last Name Starts With – Enter the first letter or first couple of letters for a last name to search and display only matches that have a last name that start with that letter or letters.
  • New Since – Enter a date, in MM|DD|YYYY, to search matches added after this date.

* Some of your matches may have chosen not to see or be seen by matches at one or more testing levels. They will be shown as Private.

** These are the mtDNA shorthand, testing levels (products), and matching levels.

Shorthand Testing Level Matching Level
HVR2 mtDNAPlus HVR1 & HVR2
FMS mtFullSequence HVR1, HVR2, & Coding Region

Frequently Asked Questions

All of your mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) matches who have signed a release form and have opted in to database matching are shown on the mtDNA – Matches page. However, those who have not signed a release form or have opted out of database matching are not shown.

There are currently two sets of rules for mtDNA matching.

  • For those who have tested HVR1 (mtDNA) or HVR1 and HVR2 (mtDNAPlus), only exact matches are shown. SmartMatching is also used to prevent a match between different haplogroups.
  • For those who have tested the mtDNA Full Sequence (mtFullSequence), three differences are allowed. These differences include cases of heteroplasmy. Two high frequency insertion/deletion locations are completely excluded from difference counts. These are mutations at positions 309 and 315.

On the mtDNA – Matches page, the blue icons with the pedigree lines indicate that a match has uploaded their genealogy information as a GEDCOM file. You may view their information by clicking on the icon.

On the mtDNA – Matches page, the (HVR2) and (FMS) next to your matches’ names indicates that they have tested at a higher level. These are the short hand designations, the testing level (product), and the actual matching level for each mtDNA test.

Short Hand Testing Level Matching Level
HVR2 mtDNAPlus HVR1 & HVR2
FMS mtFullSequence HVR1, HVR2, & Coding Region

SmartMatching is a tool that is used to limit your mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) matches and the information about your matches’ historic and anthropological migrations to those that are relevant.

Some mtDNA sequences may look the same in the HVR1 and HVR2 regions yet belong to different haplogroups. These sequences are unrelated in recent or even more distant times. Therefore, we do not show them on your mtDNA – Matches, mtDNA – Ancestral Origins, and mtDNA – Haplogroup Origins pages.

Note: Some individuals have taken more extensive haplogroup tests or have tested their mtDNA full genomic sequences to provide them with a more specific haplogroup. In these cases, we still display the name, email, and origin information for those with haplogroup assignments that may be related.

The private matches on match lists in myFTDNA accounts are those customers who, although they have signed the consent agreement, have opted out of matching either at one or more testing levels or exclusively to one or more group projects. Due to their account settings, Family Tree DNA Customer Service cannot see additional information about them or share it with you.