Mizrahi

Mizrahi is the branch of the Jewish population that settled in Middle Eastern, North Africa, Caucasus countries. This may include Sephardi Jews who move to these places.

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA)

The genetic material found in mitochondria. It is passed down from females to both sons and daughters, but sons do not pass down their mother's mtDNA to their children.

Mitochondria

Mitochondria are specialized subunits (organelle) within cells. In humans, mitochondria are responsible for cell respiration and for producing energy. They evolve into their current state from separate organisms that form a mutually beneficial (symbiotic) relationship [...]

Marker

A marker is a physical location (locus) on the chromosome. The term is often used colloquially in genetic genealogy to refer to a short tandem repeat (STR). For example, "The Y-DNA67 test is a panel [...]