A hypervariable region (HVR) is a part of the mitochondrial genome. There are two human hypervariable regions: HVR1 and HVR2. They do not contain genes. Therefore, they have a faster change (mutation) rate than the [...]
The Human Genome Organization (HUGO) is the scientific entity to which, among other things, researchers submit new short tandem repeat (STR) markers for number assignment.
A haplotype is the set of values for a set of DNA values. For example, the results of the Y-DNA12 test for one person is their haplotype. Two individuals that match exactly on all markers [...]