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Hypervariable Region (HVR)

A hypervariable region (HVR) is a part of the mitochondrial genome. There are two human hypervariable regions: HVR1 and HVR2. They do not contain genes. Therefore, they have a faster change (mutation) rate than the [...]

Human Genome Organization (HUGO)

The Human Genome Organization (HUGO) is the scientific entity to which, among other things, researchers submit new short tandem repeat (STR) markers for number assignment.

Homozygous

Homozygous means that the two genetic code values (alleles) at a point in the genetic code are identical. AlleleHomozygous Value A AA C CC G GG T TT - --

Heterozygous

Heterozygous means that the two genetic code values (alleles) at a point in the genetic code are different. AlleleHeterozygous Value A -A C -C G -G T -T A AG C CT

Heredity

Heredity is the transmission of genetic material from parents to offspring.

Haplotype

A haplotype is the set of values for a set of DNA values. For example, the results of the Y-DNA12 test for one person is their haplotype. Two individuals that match exactly on all markers [...]